Benjamin Franklin was one of the nation's most
influential Founding Fathers. A skilled negotiator, he convinced France
to lend aid to
the American colonists in their quest for independence from England.
During the summer of 1787, he successfully mediated disputes that threatened to derail the drafting of the U.S. Constitution. Franklin was also a leading author and scientist of his time.
It seemed only fitting that Franklin be honored on
U.S. coinage for his
contributions to America. So, in early 1947, Mint Director Nellie
Tayloe Ross asked Engraver John Sinnock to design a half dollar bearing
Fourteen years earlier, Sinnock had prepared a Franklin medal, and this model served as the inspiration for the obverse of the new half dollar. The reverse featured the Liberty Bell. Like Franklin, the famous bell was associated with the city of Philadelphia and the birth of freedom in America.
|Coin Photos courtesy of Ira & Larry Goldberg Coins & Collectibles, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA|
Sinnock died in May 1947, before completing his
work. The duty of finalizing the Franklin Half Dollar fell to his
assistant, Gilroy Roberts. Federal law required an eagle on every
U.S. coin larger than a dime, and because Sinnock omitted the bird,
Roberts stuck a tiny eagle in an open spot on the reverse.
An enlarged model of the design was sent to the Commission of Fine Arts in November 1947 for their opinion. The Commission was not amused by the "afterthought" eagle. They also had an unexpected observation concerning the Liberty Bell:
The Commission are not satisfied with the model of the reverse. The eagle shown on the model is so small as to be insignificant and hardly discernible when the model is reduced to the size of a coin. The Commission hesitate to approve the Liberty Bell as shown with the crack in the bell visible; to show this might lead to puns and statements derogatory to United States coinage. The Commission disapprove the designs.
Thomas Jefferson, standing, wisely sought the counsel of
Benjamin Franklin, seated left, and John Adams, in writing the
Declaration of Independence.
Image courtesy of Library of Congress.
The Commission recommended a public competition
to find a new Franklin Half Dollar. Since the Commission functioned in
a purely advisory role, the Treasury Department opted to ignore their
advice and approved the design rejected by the Commission. The
first Franklin Half Dollars were released in 1948.
The image of Miss Liberty had been a fixture on U.S. coinage since its humble beginnings in the 1790's. The issuance of the Franklin Half Dollar completed the transition from the allegorical Liberty to a real person from history.
Franklin Half Dollars were minted for only 16 years. The series was abruptly ended in late 1963, following the tragic assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Congress voted to commemorate the fallen president by placing his profile on the half dollar, bringing the Franklin Half Dollar series to a premature demise.
There really are not any true key date Franklin Half Dollars. All dates were coined in abundant quantities. However, numismatists have noted that well-struck Franklins displaying clear, full horizontal lines on the Liberty Bell are quite rare, especially for certain dates. As the years have gone by, there seems to be no let up in what collectors are willing to pay for extraordinary "FBL" examples, especially for these dates:
Be sure to buy only examples that have been
certified by one of the four leading grading service companies: PCGS,
NGC, IGC, or ANACS. The "FBL" designation comes too easily for some of
the other grading companies, which leads to disappointment by buyers
lured by "bargain" prices. Doing business with a dealer having a good
record of customer service makes a lot of sense, too.
The left hand side of each "Sales Box" is value trend data over a very long period of time for a coin of that date in MS-65 FBL condition. The percent annual increase is computed for comparative purposes. The right side of the box is a link to eBay US coin auctions, that pulls all FBL Franklins of these dates in a range of conditions currently for sale. Keep the advice in the paragraph above in mind as you sort through the offerings.
Franklin Half FBL
Franklin Half FBL
|% Annual Increase Since
|% Annual Increase Since